M – Microbiology2018-10-05T16:52:23+00:00

Although the majority are harmless, it is the microbes that cause disease which have prompted many years of research in different fields to find more sophisticated solutions and methods of prevention and treatment.


The study of organisms that cause infections.

The development of microbiology gives us an insight into the life of microbes, their structure and life history, their physiology, metabolism and genetics. This study plays a key role in preventing, diagnosing and controlling infections. Modern research techniques enable microbes to be cultured and studied in a short time. The results obtained can be interpreted helping to produce faster specimen turnaround time, more accurate pathogen identification and greater sensitivity, leading to more successful clinical decision making.

In this way microbiology is essential in developing knowledge for more advanced disinfectant products like Bacoban that can effectively attack dangerous microorganisms. Certain attributes have been enhanced to make Bacoban a more refined, robust product that can provide greater longevity in high demand areas.   Looking into the fundamental processes of the life of microbes has greatly benefited a variety of different sectors ranging from healthcare, food industries and agriculture to the pharmaceutical, environmental and the emerging biotechnology industries.

Microbes and Microorganisms

  • Microorganisms or microbes play an important role in our lives.
  • They typically consist of only one cell that is too small to be seen by the human eye but visible under the microscope.
  • Millions can fit into the eye of a needle.
  • They make up more than 60% of the Earth’s living matter. It is estimated that 2-3 billion species share the planet with us.
  • The three main types are bacteria, viruses and fungi with other types including protozoa, algae and archaea.


Fungi are the most varied microbes that occur in single and complex multicellular forms. They live mainly on the land, in soil or on dead plant matter. Of the thousands of species of fungi, a few can cause human disease. These fungi are responsible for a wide range of illnesses, ranging from minor skin conditions to life threatening diseases. They cause two two kinds of infections: systemic which affect internal organs starting with the lungs and in severe cases spreading to severely damage major organs of the body. Superficial infections affect the surface of the body, skin,nails and hair.

Three types of Fungi

  • Single celled microscopic yeasts.
  • Multi-cellular moulds.
  • Macroscopic ‘mushrooms’.

How Do Fungi Spread?

Wind rain or insects spread the spores that enable fungi to spread. They eventually land in new environments and if the conditions are right they start to grow and reproduce. Fungi often breed in moist areas, such as between the toes, in the crotch or in the mouth.

Microbiology is essential in developing knowledge for more advanced disinfectant products like Bacoban.

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